This article is about the main animation division of The Walt Disney Studios. For the direct-to-video animation studio, see DisneyToon Studios.
Walt Disney Animation Studios (WDAS), also referred to as Disney Animation, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California, is an American animation studio that creates animated feature films, short films, and television specials for The Walt Disney Company. Founded on October 16, 1923, it is a division of The Walt Disney Studios. The studio has produced 56 feature films, from Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937) to Moana (2016).
It was founded as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio in 1923 and incorporated as Walt Disney Productions in 1929. The studio was exclusively dedicated to producing short films until it expanded into feature production in 1934. In 1983, Walt Disney Productions named its live-action film studio Walt Disney Pictures. During a corporate restructuring in 1986, Walt Disney Productions was renamed The Walt Disney Company and the animation division, renamed Walt Disney Feature Animation, became a subsidiary of its film division, The Walt Disney Studios. In 2007, Walt Disney Feature Animation took on its current name, Walt Disney Animation Studios after Pixar Animation Studios was acquired by Disney in the same year.
For much of its existence, the studio was recognized as the premier American animation studio; it developed many of the techniques, concepts, and principles that became standard practices of traditional animation. The studio also pioneered the art of storyboarding, which is now a standard technique used in both animated and live-action filmmaking. The studio's catalog of animated features is among Disney's most notable assets, with the stars of its animated shorts – Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, Goofy, and Pluto – becoming recognizable figures in popular culture and mascots for The Walt Disney Company as a whole.
Walt Disney Animation Studios continues to produce films using both traditional animation and computer-generated imagery (CGI). At the present, Andrew Millstein is the general manager of the studio for day-to-day business affairs, under the direction of Edwin Catmull and John Lasseter who also oversee Pixar.
- 1.11923–29: Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio
- 1.21929–40: Reincorporation, Silly Symphonies and Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
- 1.31940–48: New features, strike, World War II
- 1.41948–59: Return of features, end of shorts, layoffs
- 1.51959–66: Reduced feature animation, Walt Disney's final years
- 1.61967–83: Decline in popularity, Don Bluth's entrance and departure, "rock bottom"
- 1.71984–89: Michael Eisner takeover, restructuring, return to prominence
- 1.81989–94: Beginning of the Disney Renaissance, successful releases, impact on the animation industry
- 1.91994–99: End of the Disney Renaissance, declining returns
- 1.102000–06: Slump, downsizing and conversion to computer animation, corporate issues
- 1.112006–09: Rebound, Disney's acquisition of Pixar, renaming
- 1.122010–present: Continued resurgence
- 5See also
- 7Further reading
- 8External links
1923–29: Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio
Kansas City, Missouri, natives Walt Disney and Roy O. Disney founded the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio in Los Angeles in 1923 and got their start producing a series of silent Alice Comedies short films featuring a live-action child actress in an animated world. The Alice Comedies were distributed by Margaret J. Winkler's Winkler Pictures, which later also distributed a second Disney short subject series, the all-animated Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, through Universal Pictures starting in 1927. Upon relocating to California, the Disney brothers initially started working in their uncle Robert Disney's garage at 4406 Kingswell Avenue in the Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles, then in October 1923 formally launched their studio in a small office on the rear side of a real estate agency's office at 4651 Kingswell Avenue. In February 1924, the studio moved next door to office space of its own at 4649 Kingswell Avenue. In 1925, Disney put down a deposit on a new location at 2719 Hyperion Avenue in the nearby Silver Lake neighborhood, which came to be known as the Hyperion Studio to distinguish it from the studio's other locations, and in January 1926 the studio moved there and took on the name the Walt Disney Studio.
Meanwhile, after the first year's worth of Oswalds, Walt Disney attempted to renew his contract with Winkler Pictures, but Charles Mintz, who had taken over Margaret Winkler's business after marrying her, wanted to force Disney to accept a lower advance payment for each Oswald short. Disney refused, and as Universal owned the rights to Oswald rather than Disney, Mintz set up his own animation studio to produce Oswald cartoons. Most of Disney's staff was hired away by Mintz to move over, once Disney's Oswald contract was done in mid-1928.
Working in secret while the rest of the staff finished the remaining Oswalds on contract, Disney and his head animator Ub Iwerks led a small handful of loyal staffers in producing cartoons starring a new character named Mickey Mouse. The first two Mickey Mouse cartoons, Plane Crazy and The Galloping Gaucho, were previewed in limited engagements during the summer of 1928. For the third Mickey cartoon, however, Disney produced a soundtrack, collaborating with musician Carl Stalling and businessman Pat Powers, who provided Disney with his bootlegged "Cinephone" sound-on-film process. Subsequently, the third Mickey Mouse cartoon, Steamboat Willie, became Disney's first cartoon with synchronized sound and was a major success upon its November 1928 debut at the West 57th Theatre in New York City. The Mickey Mouse series of sound cartoons, distributed by Powers through Celebrity Productions, quickly became the most popular cartoon series in the United States. A second Disney series of sound cartoons, the Silly Symphonies, debuted in 1929 with The Skeleton Dance.
1929–40: Reincorporation, Silly Symphonies and Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs
In 1930, disputes over finances between Disney and Powers led to Disney's studio, reincorporated on December 16, 1929, as Walt Disney Productions, signing a new distribution contract with Columbia Pictures. Powers in return signed away Ub Iwerks, who began producing cartoons at his own studio.
Columbia distributed Disney's shorts for two years before the Disney studio entered a new distribution deal with United Artists in 1932. The same year, Disney signed a two-year exclusive deal with Technicolor to utilize its new 3-strip color film process, which allowed for fuller-color reproduction where previous color film processors could not. The result was the Silly SymphonyFlowers and Trees, the first film commercially released in full Technicolor.Flowers and Trees was a major success, and all Silly Symphonies were subsequently produced in Technicolor.
By the early 1930s, Walt Disney had realized that the success of animated films depended upon telling emotionally gripping stories that would grab the audience and not let go, and this realization led him to create a separate "story department" with storyboard artists dedicated to story development. With well-developed characters and an interesting story, the 1933 Technicolor Silly Symphony cartoon Three Little Pigs became a major box office and pop culture success, with its theme song "Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Wolf?" becoming a popular chart hit.
In 1934, Walt Disney gathered several key staff members and announced his plans to make his first feature animated film. Despite derision from most of the film industry, who dubbed the production "Disney's Folly," Disney proceeded undaunted into the production of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, which would become the first animated feature in English and Technicolor. Considerable training and development went into the production of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, and the studio greatly expanded with established animators, artists from other fields, and recent college graduates joining the studio to work on the film. The training classes, supervised by the head animators such as Les Clark, Norm Ferguson, and Art Babbit and taught by Donald W. Graham, an art teacher from the nearby Chouinard Art Institute, had begun at the studio in 1932 and were greatly expanded into orientation training and continuing education classes. In the course of teaching the classes, Graham and the animators created or formalized many of the techniques and processes that became the key tenets and principles of traditional animation.Silly Symphonies such as The Goddess of Spring (1934) and The Old Mill (1937) served as experimentation grounds for new techniques such as the animation of realistic human figures, special effects animation, the use of the multiplane camera, an invention which split animation artwork layers into several planes, allowing the camera to appear to move dimensionally through an animated scene.
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs cost Disney a then-expensive sum of $1.4 million to complete (including $100,000 on story development alone) and was an unprecedented success when released in February 1938 by RKO Radio Pictures, which had assumed distribution of Disney product from United Artists in 1937. It was briefly the highest-grossing film of all time before the success of Gone with the Wind two years later, grossing over $8 million on its initial release, the equivalent of $139,082,740 in 1999 dollars.
During the production of Snow White, work had continued on the Mickey Mouse and Silly Symphonies series of shorts. Mickey Mouse switched to Technicolor in 1935, by which time the series had added several major supporting characters, among them Mickey's dog Pluto and their friends Donald Duck and Goofy. Donald, Goofy, and Pluto would all be appearing in series of their own by 1940, and the Donald Duck cartoons eclipsed the Mickey Mouse series in popularity. The Silly Symphonies, which garnered seven Academy Awards, ended in 1939.
1940–48: New features, strike, World War II
The success of Snow White allowed Disney to build a new, larger studio on Buena Vista Street in Burbank, where The Walt Disney Company remains headquartered to this day. Walt Disney Productions had its initial public offering on April 2, 1940, with Walt Disney as president and chairman and Roy Disney as CEO.
The studio launched into the production of new animated features, the first of which was Pinocchio, released in February 1940. Pinocchio was not initially a box office success. The box office returns from the film's initial release were both below Snow White's unprecedented success and the studio's expectations. Of the film's $2.289 million cost – twice of Snow White – Disney only recouped $1 million by late 1940, with studio reports of the film's final original box office take varying between $1.4 million and $1.9 million. However, Pinocchio was a critical success, winning the Academy Award for Best Original Song and Best Original Score, making it the first film of the studio to win not only either Oscar, but both at the same time.
Fantasia, an experimental film produced to an accompanying orchestral arrangement conducted by Leopold Stokowski, was released in November 1940 by Disney itself in a series of limited-seating roadshow engagements. The film cost $2 million to produce, and although the film earned $1.4 million in its roadshow engagements, the high cost ($85,000 per theater) of installing Fantasound placed Fantasia at an even greater loss than Pinocchio. RKO assumed distribution of Fantasia in 1941, later reissuing it in severely edited versions over the years. Despite its financial failure, Fantasia was the subject of two Academy Honorary Awards on February 26, 1942 – one for the development of the innovative Fantasound system used to create the film's stereoscopic soundtrack, and the other for Stokowski and his contributions to the film.
Much of the character animation on these productions and all subsequent features until the late 1970s was supervised by a brain-trust of animators Walt Disney dubbed the "Nine Old Men," many of whom also served as directors and later producers on the Disney features: Frank Thomas, Ollie Johnston, Woolie Reitherman, Les Clark, Ward Kimball, Eric Larson, John Lounsbery, Milt Kahl, and Marc Davis. Other head animators at Disney during this period included Norm Ferguson, Bill Tytla, and Fred Moore. The development of the feature animation department created a caste system at the Disney studio: lesser animators (and feature animators in-between assignments) were assigned to work on the short subjects, while animators higher in status such as the Nine Old Men worked on the features. Concern over Walt Disney accepting credit for the artists' work as well as debates over compensation led to many of the newer and lower-ranked animators seeking to unionize the Disney studio.
A bitter union strike began in May 1941, which was resolved without the angered Walt Disney's involvement in July and August of that year. As Walt Disney Productions was being set up as a union shop, Walt Disney and several studio employees were sent by the US government on a Good Neighbor policy trip to Central and South America. The Disney strike and its aftermath led to an exodus of several animation professionals from the studio, from top-level animators such as Art Babbitt and Bill Tytla to artists better known for their work outside the Disney studio such as Frank Tashlin, Maurice Noble, Walt Kelly, Bill Meléndez, and John Hubley. Hubley, with several other Disney strikers, went on to found the United Productions of America studio, Disney's key animation rival in the 1950s.
Dumbo, in production during the midst of the animators' strike, premiered in October 1941 and proved to be a financial success. The simple film only cost $950,000 to produce, half the cost of Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, less than a third of the cost of Pinocchio, and two-fifths of the cost of Fantasia. Dumbo eventually grossed $1.6 million during its original release. In August 1942, Bambi was released, and as with Pinocchio and Fantasia, did not perform well at the box office. Out of its $1.7 million budget, it only grossed $1.64 million.
Production of full-length animated features was temporarily suspended after the release of Bambi. Given the financial failures of some of the recent features and World War II cutting off much of the overseas cinema market, the studio's financiers at the Bank of America would only loan the studio working capital if it temporarily restricted itself to shorts production. Then in-production features such as Peter Pan, Alice in Wonderland, and Lady and the Tramp were therefore put on hold until after the war. Other issues affecting the studio at the time included the drafting of several Disney animators to fight in World War II, and the necessity for the studio to focus on producing wartime content for the U.S. Army, particularly military training, and civilian propaganda films. From 1942 to 1943, 95 percent of the studio's animation output was for the military. During the war, Disney produced the live-action/animated military propaganda feature Victory Through Air Power (1943), and a series of Latin culture-themed shorts resulting from the 1941 Good Neighbor trip were compiled into two features, Saludos Amigos (1942) and The Three Caballeros (1944).
Saludos and Caballeros set the template for several other 1940s Disney releases of "package films": low-budgeted films composed of animated short subjects with animated or live-action bridging material. These films were Make Mine Music (1946), Fun and Fancy Free (1947), Melody Time (1948), and The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad (1949). The studio also produced two features, Song of the South (1946) and So Dear to My Heart (1948), which used more expansive live-action stories which still included animated sequences and sequences combining live-action and animated characters. Shorts production continued during this period as well, with Donald Duck, Goofy, and Pluto cartoons being the main output accompanied by cartoons starring Mickey Mouse, Figaro, and in the 1950s, Chip 'n' Dale and Humphrey the Bear.
In addition, Disney began reissuing the previous features, beginning with re-releases of Snow White in 1944,Pinocchio in 1945, and Fantasia in 1946. This led to a tradition of reissuing the Disney films every seven years, which lasted into the 1990s before being translated into the studio's handling of home video releases.
1948–59: Return of features, end of shorts, layoffs
In 1948, Disney returned to the production of full-length features with Cinderella, a full-length film based on the fairy tale by Charles Perrault. At a cost of nearly $3 million, the future of the studio depended upon the success of this film. Upon its release in 1950, Cinderella proved to be a box-office success, with the profits from the film's release allowing Disney to carry on producing animated features throughout the 1950s. Following its success, production on the in-limbo features Alice in Wonderland, Peter Pan, and Lady and the Tramp was resumed. In addition, an ambitious new project, an adaptation of the Brothers Grimm fairy tale "Sleeping Beauty" set to Tchaikovsky's classic score, was begun but took much of the rest of the decade to complete.
Alice in Wonderland, released in 1951, met with a lukewarm response at the box office and was a sharp critical disappointment in its initial release.Peter Pan, released in 1953, was, on the other hand, a commercial success and the highest-grossing film of the year. In 1955, Lady and the Tramp was released to higher box office success than any other Disney feature from the studio since Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, earning an estimated $7.5 million in rentals at the North American box office in 1955.Lady is significant as Disney's first widescreen animated feature, produced in the CinemaScope process, and was the first Disney animated feature to be released by Disney's own distribution company, Buena Vista Distribution.
By the mid-1950s, with Walt Disney's attention primarily set on new endeavours such as live-action films, television, and the Disneyland theme park, production of the animated films was left primarily in the hands of the "Nine Old Men" trust of head animators and directors. This led to several delays in approvals during the production of Sleeping Beauty, which was finally released in 1959. At $6 million, it was Disney's most expensive film to date, produced in a heavily stylized art style devised by artist Eyvind Earle and presented in large-format Super Technirama 70 with six-track stereophonic sound. However, the film's large production costs and underperformance at the box office resulted in the studio posting its first annual loss in a decade for fiscal year 1960, leading to massive layoffs throughout the studio.
By the end of the decade, the Disney short subjects were no longer being produced on a regular basis, with many of the shorts divisions' personnel either leaving the company or begin reassigned to work on Disney television programs such as The Mickey Mouse Club and Disneyland. While the Disney shorts had dominated the Academy Award for Best Short Subject (Cartoons) during the 1930s, its reign over the award had been ended by MGM's Tom and Jerry cartoons, Warner Bros' Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, and the works of United Productions of America (UPA), whose flat art style and stylized animation techniques were lauded as more modern alternatives to the older Disney style. During the 1950s, only one Disney short, the stylized Toot, Whistle, Plunk and Boom, won the Best Short Subject (Cartoons) Oscar.
The Mickey Mouse, Pluto, and Goofy shorts had all ceased regular production by 1953, with Donald Duck and Humphrey continuing and converting to widescreen CinemaScope before the shorts division was shut down in 1956. After that, all future shorts were produced by the feature films division until 1969. The last Disney short of the golden age of animation was It's Tough to Be a Bird. Disney shorts would only be produced on a sporadic basis from this point on, with notable later shorts includingRunaway Brain (1995, starring Mickey Mouse) and Paperman (2012).
1959–66: Reduced feature animation, Walt Disney's final years
Despite the 1959 layoffs and competition for Walt Disney's attention from the company's grown live-action film, TV, and theme park departments, production continued on feature animation productions at a reduced level. In 1961, the studio released One Hundred and One Dalmatians, an animated feature which popularized the use of xerography during the process of inking and painting traditional animation cels. Using xerography, animation drawings could be photochemically transferred rather than traced from paper drawings to the clear acetate sheets ("cels") used in final animation production. The resulting art style – a scratchier line which revealed the construction lines in the animators' drawings – typified Disney films into the 1980s. The film was a success, being the tenth highest-grossing film of 1961 with rentals of $6.4 million.
The Disney animation training program started at the studio before the development of Snow White in 1932 eventually led to Walt Disney helping found the California Institute of the Arts (CalArts). This university, formed via the merger of Chouinard Art Institute and the Los Angeles Conservatory of Music, included a Disney-developed animation program of study among its degree offerings. CalArts became the alma mater of many of the animators who would work at Disney and other animation studios from the 1970s to the present.
The Sword in the Stone was released in 1963 and was the sixth highest-grossing film of the year in North America with estimated rentals of $4.75 million. A featurette adaptation of one of A. A. Milne's Winnie-the-Pooh stories, Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree, was released in 1966, to be followed by several other Pooh featurettes over the years and a full-length compilation feature, The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh, which was released in 1977.
Walt Disney died in December 1966, ten months before the studio's next film The Jungle Book, was completed and released. The film was a success, finishing 1967 as the fourth highest-grossing film of the year.
1967–83: Decline in popularity, Don Bluth's entrance and departure, "rock bottom"
Following Walt Disney's passing, Wolfgang Reitherman continued as both producer and director of the features. The studio began the 1970s with the release of The Aristocats, the last film project to be approved by Walt Disney. In 1971, Roy O. Disney, the studio co-founder, died and Walt Disney Productions was left in the hands of Donn Tatum and Card Walker, who alternated as chairman and CEO in overlapping terms for the rest of the decade. The next feature, Robin Hood (1973), was produced with a significantly reduced budget and animation repurposed from previous features. Both The Aristocats and Robin Hood were minor box office and critical successes.
The Rescuers, released in 1977, was a success exceeding the achievements of the previous two Disney features. Receiving broad critical acclaim, commercial returns, and an Academy Award nomination, it ended up being the third highest-grossing film of the year and the most successful and acclaimed Disney animated film since The Jungle Book. The film was reissued in 1983, accompanied by a new Disney featurette, Mickey's Christmas Carol.
The production of The Rescuers signaled the beginning of a changing of the guard process in the personnel at the Disney animation studio: as veterans such as Milt Kahl and Les Clark retired, they were gradually replaced by new talents such as Don Bluth, Ron Clements, John Musker, and Glen Keane. The new animators, culled from the animation program at CalArts and trained by Eric Larson, Frank Thomas, Ollie Johnston, and Woolie Reitherman got their first chances to prove themselves as a group with the animated sequences in Disney's live-action/animated hybrid feature Pete's Dragon (1977), the animation for which was directed by Don Bluth. In September 1979, dissatisfied with what they felt was a stagnation in the development of the art of animation at Disney, Bluth and several of the other new guard animators quit to start their own studio, Don Bluth Productions, which became Disney's chief competitor in the animation field during the 1980s.
Delayed half a year by the defection of the Bluth group,The Fox and the Hound was released in 1981 after four years in production. The film was considered a financial success by the studio, and development continued on The Black Cauldron, a long-gestating adaptation of the Chronicles of Prydain series of novels by Lloyd Alexander produced in Super Technirama 70.
The Black Cauldron was intended to expand the appeal of Disney animated films to older audiences and to showcase the talents of the new generation of Disney animators from CalArts. Besides Keane, Musker, and Clements, this new group of artists included other promising animators such as Andreas Deja, Mike Gabriel, John Lasseter, and Tim Burton. Lasseter was fired from Disney in 1983 for pushing the studio to explore computer animation production, but went on to become the creative head of Pixar, a pioneering computer animation studio that would begin a close association with Disney in the late 1980s. Similarly, Burton was fired in 1984 after producing a live-action short shelved by the studio, Frankenweenie, then went on to become a high-profile producer and director of live-action and stop-motion features for Disney and other studios. Some of Burton's high-profile projects for Disney would include the stop-motion The Nightmare Before Christmas (1993), a live-action adaptation of Alice in Wonderland (2010), and a stop-motion feature remake of Frankenweenie (2012).
1984–89: Michael Eisner takeover, restructuring, return to prominence
Ron Miller, Walt Disney's son-in-law, became president of Walt Disney Productions in 1980 and CEO in 1983. That year, he expanded the company's film and television production divisions, creating the Walt Disney Pictures banner under which future films from the feature animation department would be released. After a series of corporate takeover attempts in 1984, Roy E. Disney, son of Roy O. and nephew of Walt, resigned from the company's board of directors and launched a campaign called "SaveDisney," successfully convincing the board to fire Miller. Roy E. Disney brought in Michael Eisner as Disney's new CEO and Frank Wells as president. Eisner in turn named Jeffrey Katzenberg chairman of the film division, The Walt Disney Studios. Near completion when the Eisner regime took over Disney, The Black Cauldron (1985) would come to represent what would later be referred to as the "rock bottom" point for Disney animation. The studio's most expensive feature to that point at $44 million, The Black Cauldron was a critical and commercial failure. The film's $21 million box office gross led to a loss for the studio, putting the future of the animation division in jeopardy.
Between the 1950s and 1980s, the significance of animation to Disney's bottom line was significantly reduced as the company expanded into further live-action production, television, and theme parks. As new CEO, Michael Eisner strongly considered shuttering the feature animation studio and outsourcing future animation. Roy E. Disney intervened, offering to head the feature animation division and turn its fortunes around, while Eisner established the Walt Disney Pictures Television Animation Group to produce lower-cost animation for television. Named Chairman of feature animation by Eisner, Roy E. Disney appointed Peter Schneider president of animation to run the day-to-day operations in 1985.
On February 1, 1985, Disney executives moved the animation division from the Disney studio lot in Burbank to a variety of warehouses, hangars, and trailers located about two miles east (3.2 kilometers) in nearby Glendale, California. The animation division's first feature animation at its new location was The Great Mouse Detective (1986), begun by John Musker and Ron Clements as Basil of Baker Street after both left production of The Black Cauldron. The film was enough of a critical and commercial success to instill executive confidence in the animation studio. Later the same year, however, Universal Pictures and Steven Spielberg's Amblin Entertainment released Don Bluth's An American Tail, which outgrossed The Great Mouse Detective at the box office and became the highest-grossing first-issue animated film to that point.
Katzenberg, Schneider, and Roy Disney set about changing the culture of the studio, increasing staffing and production so that a new animated feature would be released every year instead of every two to four. The first of the releases on the accelerated production schedule was Oliver & Company (1988), which featured an all-star cast including Billy Joel and Bette Midler and an emphasis on a modern pop soundtrack.Oliver & Company opened in the theaters on the same day as another Bluth/Amblin/Universal animated film, The Land Before Time; however, Oliver outgrossed Time and went on to become the most successful animated feature to that date.
At the same time in 1988, Disney's started entering into Australia's long-standing animation industry, by purchasing Hanna-Barbera's Australian studio to start Disney Animation Australia.
While Oliver & Company and the next feature The Little Mermaid were in production, Disney collaborated with Steven Spielberg's Amblin Entertainment and master animator Richard Williams to produce Who Framed Roger Rabbit, a groundbreaking live-action/animation hybrid directed by Robert Zemeckis, which featured licensed animated characters from other animation studios. Disney set up a new animation studio under Williams' supervision in London to create the cartoon characters for Roger Rabbit, with many of the artists from the California studio traveling to England to work on the film. A significant critical and commercial success,Roger Rabbit won three Academy Awards for technical achievements. and was key in renewing mainstream interest in American animation. Other than the film itself, the studio also produced three Roger Rabbit shorts during the late 1980s and early 1990s.
1989–94: Beginning of the Disney Renaissance, successful releases, impact on the animation industry
Main article: Disney Renaissance
A second satellite studio, Walt Disney Feature Animation Florida, opened in 1989 with 40 employees. Its offices were located within the Disney-MGM Studios theme park at Walt Disney World in Bay Lake, Florida, and visitors were allowed to tour the studio and observe animators at work. That same year, the studio released The Little Mermaid, which became a keystone achievement in Disney's history as its largest critical and commercial success in decades. Directed by John Musker and Ron Clements, who'd been co-directors on The Great Mouse Detective, The Little Mermaid earned $84 million at the North American box office, a record for the studio. The film was built around a score from Broadway songwriters Alan Menken and Howard Ashman, who was also a co-producer and story consultant on the film.The Little Mermaid won two Academy Awards, for Best Original Song and for Best Original Score.
The Little Mermaid vigorously relaunched a profound new interest in the animation and musical film genres. The film was also the first to feature the use of Disney's Computer Animation Production System (CAPS). Developed for Disney by Pixar, which had grown into a commercial computer animation and technology development company, CAPS would become significant in allowing future Disney films to more seamlessly integrate computer-generated imagery and achieve higher production values with digital ink and paint and compositing techniques.The Little Mermaid was the first of a series of blockbusters that would be released over the next decade by Walt Disney Feature Animation, a period later designated by the term Disney Renaissance.
Accompanied in theaters by the Mickey Mouse featurette The Prince and the Pauper, The Rescuers Down Under (1990) was Disney's first animated feature sequel and the studio's first film to be fully colored and composited via computer using the CAPS system. However, the film did not duplicate the success of The Little Mermaid. The next Disney animated feature, Beauty and the Beast, had begun production in London but was moved back to Burbank after Disney decided to shutter the London satellite office and retool the film into a musical-comedy format similar to The Little Mermaid. Alan Menken and Howard Ashman were retained to write the song score, though Ashman died before production was completed.
Debuting first in a work-in-progress version at the 1991 New York Film Festival before its November 1991 wide release, Beauty and the Beast, directed by Kirk Wise & Gary Trousdale, was an unprecedented critical and commercial success, and would later be seen as one of the studio's best films. The film earned six Academy Award nominations, including one for Best Picture, a first for an animated work, winning for Best Song and Best Original Score. Its $145 million box office gross set new records and merchandising for the film – including toys, cross-promotions, and soundtrack sales – was also lucrative.
The successes of The Little Mermaid and Beauty and the Beast established the template for future Disney releases during the 1990s: a musical-comedy format with Broadway-styled songs and tentpole action sequences, buoyed by cross-promotional marketing and merchandising, all carefully designed to pull audiences of all ages and types into theatres. In addition to John Musker, Ron Clements, Kirk Wise, and Gary Trousdale, the new guard of Disney artists creating these films included story artists/directors Roger Allers, Rob Minkoff, Chris Sanders, and Brenda Chapman, and lead animators Glen Keane, Andreas Deja, Eric Goldberg, Nik Ranieri, Will Finn, and many others.
Aladdin, released in November 1992, continued the upward trend in Disney's animation success, earning $504 million worldwide at the box office, and two more Oscars for Best Song and Best Score. Featuring songs by Menken, Ashman, and Tim Rice (who replaced Ashman after his passing) and starring the voice of Robin Williams,Aladdin also established the trend of hiring celebrity actors and actresses to provide the voices of Disney characters, which had been explored to some degree with The Jungle Book and Oliver & Company, but now became standard practice.
In June 1994, Disney released The Lion King, directed by Roger Allers and Rob Minkoff. An all-animal adventure set in Africa, The Lion King featured an all-star voice cast which included James Earl Jones, Matthew Broderick, and Jeremy Irons, with songs written by Tim Rice and pop star Elton John. The Lion King earned $768 million at the worldwide box office, to this date a record for a traditionally animated film, earning millions more in merchandising, promotions, and record sales for its soundtrack.
Aladdin and The Lion King had been the highest-grossing films worldwide in each of their respective release years. Between these in-house productions, Disney diversified in animation methods and produced The Nightmare Before Christmas with former Disney animator Tim Burton. With animation becoming again an increasingly important and lucrative part of Disney's business, the company began to expand its operations. The flagship California studio was split into two units and expanded, and ground was broken on a new Disney Feature Animation building adjacent to the main Disney lot in Burbank, which was dedicated in 1995. The Florida satellite, officially incorporated in 1992, was expanded as well, and one of Disney's television animation studios in the Paris, France suburb of Montreuil – the former Brizzi Brothers studio – became Walt Disney Feature Animation Paris, where A Goofy Movie (1995) and significant parts of later Disney films were produced. Also, Disney began producing lower cost direct to video sequels for its successful animated films using the services of its television animation studios under the name Disney MovieToons. The Return of Jafar (1994), a sequel to Aladdin and a pilot for the Aladdin television show spin-off, was the first of these productions.
This article is about feature films released under the Disney banner. For a broader list of Disney films, see Lists of films released by Disney.
This is a list of films released theatrically under the Walt Disney Pictures banner (known as that since 1983, with Never Cry Wolf as its first release) and films released before that under the former name of the parent company, Walt Disney Productions (1929–1983). Most films listed here were distributed in the United States by the company's distribution division, Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures (formerly known as Buena Vista Distribution Company [1953–1987] and Buena Vista Pictures Distribution [1987–2007]). The Disney features produced before Peter Pan (1953) were originally distributed by RKO Radio Pictures, and are now distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
This list is organized by release date and includes live action feature films, animated feature films (including films developed and produced by Walt Disney Animation Studios and Pixar Animation Studios), and documentary films (including titles from the True-Life Adventures series and films produced by the Disneynature label). For an exclusive list of animated films released by Walt Disney Pictures and its previous entities see List of Disney theatrical animated features.
This list is only for theatrical films released under the main Disney banner. The list does not include films released by other existing, defunct or divested labels or subsidiaries owned by Walt Disney Studios (i.e. Marvel StudiosMVL, LucasfilmLFL, Touchstone Pictures, Hollywood Pictures, Miramax Films, Dimension Films, ESPN Films etc.; unless they are credited as co-production partners) nor any direct-to-video releases, TV films, theatrical re-releases, or films originally released by other non-Disney studios.
Feature films by decade
|A||Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs||December 21, 1937|
|A||Pinocchio||February 7, 1940|
|H||Fantasia||November 13, 1940||Anthology film|
|H||The Reluctant Dragon||June 20, 1941||Fictional tour around Disney studio|
|A||Dumbo||October 23, 1941|
|A||Bambi||August 13, 1942|
|H||Saludos Amigos||February 6, 1943||Anthology film|
|H||Victory Through Air Power||July 17, 1943||Documentary film, with wide use of animation.|
|H||The Three Caballeros||February 3, 1945||Anthology film|
|A||Make Mine Music||April 20, 1946||Anthology film|
|H||Song of the South||November 12, 1946|
|H||Fun and Fancy Free||September 27, 1947||Anthology film|
|H||Melody Time||May 27, 1948||Anthology film|
|H||So Dear to My Heart||November 29, 1948|
|A||The Adventures of Ichabod and Mr. Toad||October 5, 1949||Anthology film|
|A||Cinderella||February 15, 1950|
|L||Treasure Island||July 29, 1950|
|A||Alice in Wonderland||July 28, 1951|
|L||The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men||June 26, 1952|
|A||Peter Pan||February 5, 1953|
|L||The Sword and the Rose||July 23, 1953|
|N||The Living Desert||November 10, 1953|
|L||Rob Roy, the Highland Rogue||February 27, 1954|
|N||The Vanishing Prairie||August 16, 1954|
|L||20,000 Leagues Under the Sea||December 23, 1954|
|L||Davy Crockett, King of the Wild Frontier||May 25, 1955||Compilation film mostly made up from pre-existing footage from the Walt Disney anthology television series|
|A||Lady and the Tramp||June 22, 1955|
|N||The African Lion||September 14, 1955|
|L||The Littlest Outlaw||December 22, 1955|
|L||The Great Locomotive Chase||June 8, 1956|
|L||Davy Crockett and the River Pirates||July 18, 1956||Compilation film mostly made up from pre-existing footage from the Walt Disney anthology television series|
|N||Secrets of Life||November 6, 1956|
|L||Westward Ho the Wagons!||December 20, 1956|
|L||Johnny Tremain||June 19, 1957|
|N||Perri||August 28, 1957|
|L||Old Yeller||December 25, 1957|
|L||The Light in the Forest||July 8, 1958|
|N||White Wilderness||August 12, 1958|
|L||Tonka||December 25, 1958|
|A||Sleeping Beauty||January 29, 1959|
|L||The Shaggy Dog||March 19, 1959|
|L||Darby O'Gill and the Little People||June 26, 1959|
|L||Zorro the Avenger||September 10, 1959||Released in European theaters in 1959.|
|L||Third Man on the Mountain||November 10, 1959|
|L||Toby Tyler||January 21, 1960|
|L||Kidnapped||February 24, 1960|
|L||Pollyanna||May 19, 1960|
|L||The Sign of Zorro||June 11, 1960||Released in European theaters in 1958.|
|N||Jungle Cat||August 10, 1960|
|L||Ten Who Dared||November 1, 1960|
|L||Swiss Family Robinson||December 21, 1960|
|A||One Hundred and One Dalmatians||January 25, 1961|
|L||The Absent-Minded Professor||March 16, 1961|
|L||The Parent Trap||June 21, 1961|
|L||Nikki, Wild Dog of the North||July 12, 1961|
|L||Greyfriars Bobby||July 17, 1961|
|L||Babes in Toyland||December 14, 1961|
|L||Moon Pilot||April 5, 1962|
|L||Bon Voyage!||May 17, 1962|
|L||Big Red||June 6, 1962|
|L||Almost Angels||September 26, 1962|
|L||The Legend of Lobo||November 7, 1962|
|L||In Search of the Castaways||December 21, 1962|
|L||Son of Flubber||January 16, 1963|
|L||Miracle of the White Stallions||March 29, 1963|
|L||Savage Sam||June 1, 1963|
|L||Summer Magic||July 7, 1963|
|L||The Incredible Journey||November 20, 1963|
|A||The Sword in the Stone||December 25, 1963|
|L||A Tiger Walks||March 12, 1964|
|L||The Misadventures of Merlin Jones||March 25, 1964|
|L||The Three Lives of Thomasina||June 4, 1964|
|L||The Moon-Spinners||July 8, 1964|
|H||Mary Poppins||August 29, 1964|
|L||Emil and the Detectives||December 18, 1964|
|L||Those Calloways||January 28, 1965|
|L||The Monkey's Uncle||August 18, 1965|
|L||That Darn Cat!||December 2, 1965|
|L||The Ugly Dachshund||February 16, 1966|
|L||Lt. Robin Crusoe, U.S.N.||July 29, 1966|
|L||The Fighting Prince of Donegal||October 1, 1966|
|L||Follow Me, Boys!||December 1, 1966|
|L||Monkeys, Go Home!||February 8, 1967|
|L||The Adventures of Bullwhip Griffin||March 8, 1967|
|L||The Gnome-Mobile||July 19, 1967|
|A||The Jungle Book||October 18, 1967|
|L||Charlie, the Lonesome Cougar||October 18, 1967|
|L||The Happiest Millionaire||November 30, 1967||This was the last film with personal involvement from Walt Disney, who died during production.|
|L||Blackbeard's Ghost||February 8, 1968|
|L||The One and Only, Genuine, Original Family Band||March 21, 1968|
|L||Never a Dull Moment||June 26, 1968|
|L||The Horse in the Gray Flannel Suit||December 20, 1968|
|L||The Love Bug||December 24, 1968|
|L||Smith!||March 21, 1969|
|L||Rascal||June 11, 1969|
|L||The Computer Wore Tennis Shoes||December 24, 1969|
|L||King of the Grizzlies||February 11, 1970|
|L||The Boatniks||July 1, 1970|
|L||The Wild Country||December 15, 1970|
|A||The Aristocats||December 24, 1970|
|L||The Barefoot Executive||March 17, 1971|
|L||Scandalous John||June 22, 1971|
|L||The Million Dollar Duck||June 30, 1971|
|H||Bedknobs and Broomsticks||December 13, 1971|
|L||The Biscuit Eater||March 22, 1972|
|L||Now You See Him, Now You Don't||July 12, 1972|
|L||Napoleon and Samantha||July 19, 1972|
|L||Run, Cougar, Run||October 18, 1972|
|L||Snowball Express||December 22, 1972|
|L||The World's Greatest Athlete||February 14, 1973|
|L||Charley and the Angel||March 23, 1973|
|L||One Little Indian||June 20, 1973|
|A||Robin Hood||November 8, 1973|
|L||Superdad||December 14, 1973|
|L||Herbie Rides Again||June 6, 1974|
|L||The Bears and I||July 31, 1974|
|L||The Castaway Cowboy||August 1, 1974|
|L||The Island at the Top of the World||December 20, 1974|
|L||The Strongest Man in the World||February 6, 1975|
|L||Escape to Witch Mountain||March 21, 1975|
|L||The Apple Dumpling Gang||July 1, 1975|
|L||One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing||July 9, 1975|
|N||The Best of Walt Disney's True-Life Adventures||October 8, 1975|
|L||Ride a Wild Pony||December 25, 1975|
|L||No Deposit, No Return||February 5, 1976|
|L||Treasure of Matecumbe||July 1, 1976|
|L||Gus||July 7, 1976|
|L||The Shaggy D.A.||December 17, 1976|
|L||Freaky Friday||December 17, 1976|
|L||Escape from the Dark||March 11, 1977|
|A||The Many Adventures of Winnie the Pooh||March 11, 1977||Anthology film|
|L||A Tale of Two Critters||June 22, 1977|
|A||The Rescuers||June 22, 1977|
|L||Herbie Goes to Monte Carlo||June 24, 1977|
|H||Pete's Dragon||November 3, 1977|
|L||Candleshoe||December 16, 1977|
|L||Return from Witch Mountain||March 10, 1978|
|L||The Cat from Outer Space||June 9, 1978|
|L||Hot Lead and Cold Feet||July 5, 1978|
|L||The North Avenue Irregulars||February 9, 1979|
|L||The Apple Dumpling Gang Rides Again||June 27, 1979|
|L||Unidentified Flying Oddball||July 26, 1979|
|L||The Black Hole||December 21, 1979|
|L||The London Connection||December 21, 1979|
|Title||US Release||Co-production partner(s)|
|L||Midnight Madness||February 8, 1980|
|L||The Watcher in the Woods||April 17, 1980|
|L||Herbie Goes Bananas||June 25, 1980|
|L||The Last Flight of Noah's Ark||June 25, 1980|
|L||Popeye||December 12, 1980||Paramount Pictures|
|L||The Devil and Max Devlin||March 6, 1981|
|L||Amy||March 20, 1981|
|L||Dragonslayer||June 26, 1981||Paramount Pictures|
|A||The Fox and the Hound||July 10, 1981||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|L||Condorman||August 7, 1981|
|L||Night Crossing||February 5, 1982|
|L||Tron||July 9, 1982||Lisberger/Kushner Productions|
|L||Tex||July 30, 1982|
|L||Trenchcoat||March 11, 1983|
|L||Something Wicked This Way Comes||April 29, 1983||Bryna Productions|
|L||Never Cry Wolf||October 7, 1983||Amarok Productions Ltd.|
|L||Return to Oz||June 21, 1985||Silver Screen Partners II|
|A||The Black Cauldron||July 24, 1985||Walt Disney Feature Animation and Silver Screen Partners II|
|L||The Journey of Natty Gann||September 27, 1985||Silver Screen Partners II|
|L||One Magic Christmas||November 22, 1985||Silver Screen Partners II and Telefilm Canada|
|A||The Great Mouse Detective||July 2, 1986||Walt Disney Feature Animation and Silver Screen Partners II|
|L||Flight of the Navigator||July 30, 1986||Producers Sales Organization and New Star Entertainment|
|L||Benji the Hunted||June 17, 1987||Silver Screen Partners III and Mulberry Square Productions|
|L||The Man from Snowy River II:|
Return to Snowy River
|April 15, 1988||Silver Screen Partners III, Burrowes Film Group and Hoyts Film Partnership|
|A||Oliver & Company||November 18, 1988||Walt Disney Feature Animation and Silver Screen Partners III|
|L||Honey, I Shrunk the Kids||June 23, 1989||Silver Screen Partners III|
|L||Cheetah||August 18, 1989||Silver Screen Partners III|
|A||The Little Mermaid||November 17, 1989||Walt Disney Feature Animation and Silver Screen Partners IV|
|Title||US Release||Co-production partner(s)|
|A||DuckTales the Movie: Treasure of the Lost Lamp||August 3, 1990||DisneyToon Studios|
|A||The Rescuers Down Under||November 16, 1990||Walt Disney Feature Animation and Silver Screen Partners IV|
|L||White Fang||January 18, 1991||Silver Screen Partners IV and Hybrid Productions Inc.|
|L||Shipwrecked||March 1, 1991||AB Svensk Filmindustri|
|L||Wild Hearts Can't Be Broken||May 24, 1991||Silver Screen Partners IV and Pegasus Entertainment|
|L||The RocketeerTR||June 21, 1991||Touchstone Pictures, Silver Screen Partners IV and The Gordon Company, only USA and Canada distribution.|
|A||Beauty and the Beast||November 22, 1991||Walt Disney Feature Animation and Silver Screen Partners IV|
|L||Newsies||April 10, 1992||Touchwood Pacific Partners|
|L||Honey, I Blew Up the Kid||July 17, 1992||Touchwood Pacific Partners|
|L||The Mighty Ducks||October 2, 1992||Touchwood Pacific Partners and Avnet–Kerner Productions|
|A||Aladdin||November 25, 1992||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|L||The Muppet Christmas Carol||December 11, 1992||Jim Henson Productions|
|L||Homeward Bound: The Incredible Journey||February 3, 1993||Touchwood Pacific Partners|
|L||A Far Off Place||March 12, 1993||Touchwood Pacific Partners and Amblin Entertainment|
|L||The Adventures of Huck Finn||April 2, 1993|
|L||Hocus Pocus||July 16, 1993|
|L||Cool Runnings||October 1, 1993|
|L||The Three Musketeers||November 12, 1993||Caravan Pictures and Avnet-Kerner Productions|
|L||Iron Will||January 14, 1994|
|L||Blank Check||February 11, 1994|
|L||D2: The Mighty Ducks||March 25, 1994||Avnet–Kerner Productions|
|L||White Fang 2: Myth of the White Wolf||April 15, 1994|
|A||The Lion King||June 24, 1994||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|L||Angels in the Outfield||July 15, 1994||Caravan Pictures|
|L||Squanto: A Warrior's Tale||October 28, 1994|
|L||The Santa ClauseTSC||November 11, 1994||Hollywood Pictures and Outlaw Productions|
|L||The Jungle Book||December 25, 1994|
|L||Heavyweights||February 17, 1995||Caravan Pictures|
|L||Man of the House||March 3, 1995||All Girl Productions and Orr & Cruickshank Productions|
|L||Tall Tale||March 24, 1995||Caravan Pictures|
|A||A Goofy Movie||April 7, 1995||DisneyToon Studios|
|A||Pocahontas||June 23, 1995||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|L||Operation Dumbo Drop||July 28, 1995||Interscope Communications and PolyGram Filmed Entertainment|
|L||A Kid in King Arthur's Court||August 11, 1995||Trimark Pictures and Tapestry Films|
|L||The Big Green||September 29, 1995||Caravan Pictures|
|D||Frank and Ollie||October 20, 1995|
|A||Toy Story||November 22, 1995||Pixar Animation Studios|
|L||Tom and Huck||December 22, 1995|
|L||Muppet Treasure Island||February 16, 1996||Jim Henson Productions|
|L||Homeward Bound II: Lost in San Francisco||March 8, 1996|
|H||James and the Giant Peach||April 12, 1996||Skellington Productions and Allied Filmmakers|
|A||The Hunchback of Notre Dame||June 21, 1996||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|L||First Kid||August 30, 1996||Caravan Pictures|
|L||D3: The Mighty Ducks||October 4, 1996||Avnet–Kerner Productions|
|L||101 Dalmatians||November 27, 1996||Great Oaks|
|L||That Darn Cat||February 14, 1997||Robert Simonds Productions|
|L||Jungle 2 Jungle||March 7, 1997||TF1J2J|
|A||Hercules||June 27, 1997||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|L||George of the Jungle||July 16, 1997||Mandeville Films and Avnet-Kerner Productions|
|L||Air Bud||August 1, 1997||Keystone EntertainmentAB|
|L||RocketMan||October 10, 1997||Caravan Pictures and Roger Birnbaum Productions|
|L||Flubber||November 26, 1997||Great Oaks|
|L||Mr. Magoo||December 25, 1997||UPA Productions|
|L||Meet the Deedles||March 27, 1998||DIC Entertainment and Peak Productions|
|A||Mulan||June 19, 1998||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|L||The Parent Trap||July 29, 1998|
|L||Air Bud: Golden Receiver||August 14, 1998||Dimension Films and Keystone EntertainmentAB|
|L||I'll Be Home for Christmas||November 13, 1998||Mandeville Films|
|A||A Bug's Life||November 25, 1998||Pixar Animation Studios|
|L||Mighty Joe Young||December 25, 1998||RKO Pictures and The Jacobson Company|
|L||My Favorite Martian||February 12, 1999|
|A||Doug's 1st Movie||March 26, 1999||Walt Disney Television Animation, Jumbo Pictures and A. Film A/S|
|L||Endurance||May 14, 1999|
|A||Tarzan||June 18, 1999||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|L||Inspector Gadget||July 23, 1999||Caravan Pictures, DIC Entertainment, Avnet–Kerner Productions and Roger Birnbaum Productions|
|L||The Straight Story||October 15, 1999||Asymmetrical Productions, Film4 Productions, Ciby 2000, StudioCanal, Canal+ and Channel Four Films|
|A||Toy Story 2||November 24, 1999||Pixar Animation Studios|
|H||Fantasia 2000||December 17, 1999||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|Title||US Release||Co-production partner(s)|
|A||The Tigger Movie||February 11, 2000||DisneyToon Studios and Walt Disney Animation (Japan) Inc.|
|H||Dinosaur||May 19, 2000||Walt Disney Feature Animation and The Secret Lab|
|L||Disney's The Kid||July 7, 2000|
|L||Remember the Titans||September 29, 2000||Jerry Bruckheimer Films and Technical Black Films|
|L||102 Dalmatians||November 22, 2000|
|A||The Emperor's New Groove||December 15, 2000||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|A||Recess: School's Out||February 16, 2001||Walt Disney Television Animation and Paul & Joe Productions|
|A||Atlantis: The Lost Empire||June 15, 2001||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|L||The Princess Diaries||August 3, 2001||BrownHouse Productions|
|L||Max Keeble's Big Move||October 5, 2001||Karz Entertainment|
|A||Monsters, Inc.||November 2, 2001||Pixar Animation Studios|
|L||Snow Dogs||January 18, 2002||The Kerner Entertainment Company|
|A||Return to Never Land||February 15, 2002||DisneyToon Studios and A. Film A/S|
|L||The Rookie||March 29, 2002|
|A||Lilo & Stitch||June 21, 2002||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|L||The Country Bears||July 26, 2002||Gunn Films|
|L||Tuck Everlasting||October 11, 2002||Scholastic Entertainment|
|L||The Santa Clause 2||November 1, 2002||Outlaw Productions and Boxing Cat Films|
|A||Treasure Planet||November 27, 2002||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|A||The Jungle Book 2||February 14, 2003||DisneyToon Studios|
|A||Piglet's Big Movie||March 21, 2003||DisneyToon Studios and Munich Animation|
|D||Ghosts of the Abyss||April 11, 2003||Walden Media, Earthship Productions, Ascot Elite Entertainment Group, Golden Village, Telepool and UGC PH|
|L||Holes||April 18, 2003||Walden Media, Phoenix Pictures and Chicago Pacific Entertainment|
|L||The Lizzie McGuire Movie||May 2, 2003||Stan Rogow Productions|
|A||Finding Nemo||May 30, 2003||Pixar Animation Studios|
|L||Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl||July 9, 2003||Jerry Bruckheimer Films|
|L||Freaky Friday||August 6, 2003||Gunn Films|
|A||Brother Bear||November 1, 2003||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|L||The Haunted Mansion||November 26, 2003||Gunn Films|
|L||The Young Black Stallion||December 25, 2003||The Kennedy/Marshall Company|
|A||Teacher's Pet||January 16, 2004||Walt Disney Television Animation|
|L||Miracle||February 6, 2004|
|L||Confessions of a Teenage Drama Queen||February 20, 2004|
|A||Home on the Range||April 2, 2004||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|D||Sacred Planet||April 22, 2004|
|L||Around the World in 80 Days||June 16, 2004||Walden Media, Spanknyce Films, and Mostow/Lieberman Productions|
|D||America's Heart and Soul||July 2, 2004||Blacklight Films|
|L||The Princess Diaries 2: Royal Engagement||August 11, 2004||Shondaland and Martin Chase Productions|
|A||The Incredibles||November 5, 2004||Pixar Animation Studios|
|L||National Treasure||November 19, 2004||Jerry Bruckheimer Films, Junction Entertainment and Saturn Films|
|D||Aliens of the Deep||January 28, 2005||Walden Media and Earthship Productions|
|A||Pooh's Heffalump Movie||February 11, 2005||DisneyToon Studios|
|L||The Pacifier||March 4, 2005||Spyglass Entertainment and Offspring Entertainment|
|L||Ice Princess||March 18, 2005||Bridget Johnson Films & Skate Away Productions|
|L||Herbie: Fully Loaded||June 22, 2005||Robert Simonds Productions|
|L||Sky High||July 29, 2005||Gunn Films|
|A||Valiant||August 19, 2005||Vanguard Animation and Odyssey Entertainment|
|L||The Greatest Game Ever Played||September 30, 2005||Fairway Films|
|A||Chicken Little||November 4, 2005||Walt Disney Feature Animation|
|L||The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe||December 9, 2005||Walden Media|
|L||Glory Road||January 13, 2006||Jerry Bruckheimer Films, Texas Western Productions and Glory Road Productions|
|D||Roving Mars||January 27, 2006||The Kennedy/Marshall Company and White Mountain Films|
|L||Eight Below||February 17, 2006||Spyglass Entertainment, Mandeville Films and The Kennedy/Marshall Company|
|L||The Shaggy Dog||March 10, 2006||Mandeville Films, Robert Simonds Productions, and Boxing Cat Films|
|A||The Wild||April 14, 2006||C.O.R.E. Feature Animation, Hoytyboy Pictures, Sir Zip Productions and Contrafilm|
|A||Cars||June 9, 2006||Pixar Animation Studios|
|L||Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest||July 7, 2006||Jerry Bruckheimer Films|
|L||Invincible||August 25, 2006||Mayhem Pictures|
|A||The Nightmare Before Christmas 3DTNBC||October 27, 2006||Skellington Productions|
|L||The Santa Clause 3: The Escape Clause||November 3, 2006||Outlaw Productions & Boxing Cat Productions|
|L||Bridge to Terabithia||February 16, 2007||Summit Entertainment and Walden Media|
|A||Meet the Robinsons||March 30, 2007||Walt Disney Animation Studios|
|L||Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End||May 25, 2007||Jerry Bruckheimer Films|
|A||Ratatouille||June 29, 2007||Pixar Animation Studios|
|L||Underdog||August 3, 2007||Spyglass Entertainment, Classic Media and Maverick Films|
|D||The Pixar Story||August 28, 2007||Leslie Iwerks Productions|
|L||The Game Plan||September 28, 2007|
|H||Enchanted||November 21, 2007||Right Coast Entertainment and Josephson Entertainment|
|L||National Treasure: Book of Secrets||December 21, 2007||Jerry Bruckheimer Films, Junction Entertainment and Saturn Films|
|L||Hannah Montana and Miley Cyrus: Best of Both Worlds Concert||February 1, 2008||PACE|
|L||College Road Trip||March 7, 2008||Gunn Films|
|L||The Chronicles of Narnia: Prince Caspian||May 16, 2008||Walden Media|
|A||WALL-E||June 27, 2008||Pixar Animation Studios|
|L||Beverly Hills Chihuahua||October 3, 2008||Mandeville Films|
|D||Morning Light||October 17, 2008|
|L||High School Musical 3: Senior Year||October 24, 2008||Borden and Rosenbush Entertainment|
|A||Roadside Romeo||October 24, 2008||Yash Raj Films, Disney India and Disney World Cinema|
|A||Bolt||November 21, 2008||Walt Disney Animation Studios|
|L||Bedtime Stories||December 25, 2008||Gunn Films, Happy Madison Productions, Offspring Entertainment and Conman & Izzy Productions|
|L||Jonas Brothers: The 3D Concert Experience||February 27, 2009||Jonas Films|
|L||Race to Witch Mountain||March 13, 2009||Gunn Films|
|L||Hannah Montana: The Movie||April 10, 2009||It's a Laugh Productions and Millar Gough Ink|
|N||Earth||April 22, 2009||Disneynature, BBC Natural History Unit, BBC Worldwide, Discovery Channel and Greenlight Media; originally from 2007|
|L||Trail of the Panda||May 8, 2009||Disney World Cinema and Castle Hero Pictures|
|A||Up||May 29, 2009||Pixar Animation Studios|
|L||Lilly the Witch: The Dragon and the Magic Book||June 12, 2009|
|H||G-Force||July 24, 2009||Jerry Bruckheimer Films|
|D||Walt & El Grupo||September 9, 2009|