Essay Referencing Images Chicago

All images, referred to in the text or reproduced in an essay, assignment or presentation, must be cited and included in your reference list.

When referring to an image in the text of your essay, give a short citation consisting of the name of the artist (s), creator(s) or author(s), the date of publication or creation and, if appropriate, the relevant page, figure, table, paragraph number or time:

Debate raged about the ethics of child care after the publication of the cartoon "Thoughts of a Baby Lying in a Child Care Centre" in the Sydney Morning Herald (Leunig 1995, 24).

The power and strength of the female athlete is depicted in Leibovitz's portrait of Jackie Joyner-Kersee (1996, 72).

The positive and negative implications of five aspects of Confucian ethics were analysed (Yeh and Xu 2010, table 1).

Ardagna et al. have created a three layer structure for e-services; e-service components, an application server and the operating system platform (2008, fig. 1).

Ryder has created a framework to illustrate the major factors which influence moral decision making (2006, para. 10).

The fear of the officers, who had no desire to meet with Ned Kelly, is unambiguously portrayed on the face of the trooper in the painting The Encounter (Nolan 1946).

The artistic process of characterisation is explained (Kessel 1995, 10:10).

When reproducing an image, a caption should be placed imediately below the image with the appropriate citation:

Thoughts of a baby lying in a child care centre (Leunig 1995, 24).

Jackie Joyner-Kersee (Leibovitz 1996, 72).

The positive and negative implications of Confucian ideas (Yeh and Xu 2010, table 1).

E-services three-layered structure (Ardagna et al. 2008, fig. 1).

The problem of values (Ryder 2006, para. 10).

The Encounter (Nolan 1946).

The Making of a Monologue: Robert Wilson's Hamlet (Kessel 1995, 10:10).

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Generate Chicago/Turabian citations for Digital Images

Glossary of Selected Terms


A short review or description of what you are citing.

Date Accessed

When an online work was viewed.

Electronically Published

When content was published online or electronically. This date is not always present on a webpage.

Place of Publication

Location of the publisher. Depending on the source or style, you may or may not need to know the city, state, or country.


Company, individual, or entity that helped get a work published or distributed.


Letters/Abbreviations at the end of a name that tells us more about an individual. For example, Jr. (junior), III (third in family with a name), Esq. (esquire), etc.


Name given to a source that identifies it.


Link or address of a webpage. One example is


How a source or content piece was distributed or presented. Here is one example: E-book: Other - PDF, CSV, Word Doc, etc.


Someone or an organization that helped produce a certain work. For example, a film director, dance choreographer, orchestra conductor, etc.


Creator (often writer) of a piece such as a book, script, play, article, podcast, comic, etc.


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